DOI: https://doi.org/10.18524/2410-2601.2018.1(29).146535

ПОСТМОДЕРНІСТСЬКА ТЕОЛОГІЯ СУПЕРГЕРОЇЧНОГО КІНОКОМІКСУ «БЕТМЕН ПРОТИ СУПЕРМЕНА: НА ЗОРІ СПРАВЕДЛИВОСТІ» ЗАКА СНАЙДЕРА

Костянтин Райхерт

Анотація


Постмодерністська теологія кінофільму Зака Снайдера «Бетмен проти Супермена: На зорі справедливості», як певне систематичне викладення релігійно-міфологічного змісту кінофільму, експлуатує біблійні образи та сюжети, пов’язані з Ісусом Христом, уподібнюючи Супермена Спасителю, лиходія Лекса Лютора іудейським первосвященикам, які засудили Ісус до смертної кари, й антигероя Бетмена – пророку й апостолу. Постмодерністська теологія кінофільму Зака Снайдера «Бетмен проти Супермена: На зорі справедливості», як культурний аналіз, показує, як «релігійне» можна використати в масовій культурі, включаючи кінематограф: образ Ісуса Христа концептуалізується черезобрази коміксової масової культури, а саме через образ супергероя Супермена.


Ключові слова


Ісус Христос; кінематограф; комікси; культурний аналіз; постмодерністська теологія; супергерой;

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Посилання


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Пристатейна бібліографія ГОСТ


Ammi K. Hollywood theology in Batman v Superman – Dawn of Justic.– URL: http://www.truefreethinker.com/articles/hollywood-theology-batman-v-supermandawn- justice (accessed 30.05.2018).

Bal M. Postmodern Theology as Cultural Analysis // The Blackwell Companion to Postmodern Theology / ed. G. Ward.– Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, 2004.– P. 3– 23.– (Blackwell Companions to Religion).

Borg M. J. Jesus: Uncovering the Life, Teachings, and Surprising Relevance of a Spiritual Revolutionary.– San Francisco: Harper, 2008.– 343 p.

Cox H. Religion in the Secular City: Toward a Postmodern Theology.– New York: Simon & Schuster, 1985.– 304 p.

Dickholtz D. Steel Dreams // Starlog Yearbook.– ¹ 16.– New York: Starlog Group, Inc., 1998.– P. 75–79.

Griffin D. R. God and Religion in the Postmodern World: Essays in Postmodern Theology.– New York: State University of New York Press, 1988.– 192 p.– (Suny Series in Constructive Postmodern Thought).

Griffin D. R., Beardslee W. A., Holland J. Varieties of Postmodern Theology.– New York: State University of New York Press, 1989.– 180 p.– (Suny Series in Constructive Postmodern Thought).

Hyman G. The Predicament of Postmodern Theology: Radical Orthodoxy or Nihilist Textualism?.– Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2001.– 208 p.

Jenemann D. Adorno in America.– Minneapolis: University Of Minnesota Press, 2007.– 280 p.

Karl Barth: A Future for Postmodern Theology? / ed. Ch. Mostert, G. Thompson.– Adelaide: ATF Press, 2002.– 322 p.

Loughlin G. Alien Sex: The Body and Desire in Cinema and Theology.– Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2004.– 340 p.– (Challenges in Contemporary Theology).

Mabilog P. “Batman v Superman”: Deep inside every Christian is a struggling “Clark Kent” // Christian Today.– URL: https://www.christiantoday.com/article/ thoughts-on-batman-v-superman-deep-inside-every-christian-is-a-struggling-clarkkent/ 82930.htm (accessed 30.05.2018).

McMillan G. “Batman v. Superman”: The Problem With Turning the Man of Steel Into the Son of God // The Hollywood Reporter.– URL: https:// www.hollywoodreporter.com/heat-vision/batman-v-superman-ending-problem- 878463 (accessed 30.05.2018).

Min A. K. The Solidarity of Others in a Divided World: A Postmodern Theology after Postmodernism.– London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2004.– 256 p.

Mixa R. Batman vs. Superman: A theological gladiator match // Word on Fire.– URL: https://www.wordonfire.org/resources/blog/batman-vs-superman-a-theologicalgladiator- match/5139/ (accessed 30.05.2018).

Mullen S. Is Zack Snyder’s Superman a Christ figure? // Screenprism.– URL: http:/ /screenprism.com/insights/article/are-man-of-steel-and-batman-v-superman-religious (accessed 30.

Postmodern Theology: Christian Faith in a Pluralist World / ed. F. B. Burnham.– Eugene: Wipf & Stock Pub, 2006.– 136 p.

Rosenberg A. The cure for ‘Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice’? More religion // The Washington Post.– URL: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/act-four/ wp/2016/03/31/the-cure-for-batman-v-superman-dawn-of-justice-more-religion/ ?utm_term=.ce94e89cec89 (accessed 30.05.2018).

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Taylor M. C. Erring: A Postmodern A/theology.– Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.– 234 p.

The Blackwell Companion to Postmodern Theology / ed. G. Ward.– Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, 2004.– 560 p.– (Blackwell Companions to Religion).

The Cambridge Companion to Postmodern Theology / ed. K. J. Vanhoozer.– Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.– 312 p.– (Cambridge Companions to Religion).

Tilley T. W. Postmodern Theologies: The Challenge of Religious Diversity.– Eugene: Wipf & Stock Pub, 2005.– 192 p.

Tye L. Superman: The High-Flying History of America’s Most Enduring Hero.– New York: Random House, 2013.– 409 p.

Weinstein S. Up, Up, and Oy Vey: How Jewish History, Culture and Values Shaped the Comic Book Superhero.– Pikesville: Leviathan Press, 2006.– 150 p.

Wilkinson A. Holy Week, Batman! // Christianity Today.– URL:https://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2016/march-web-only/holy-week-batman.html?start=2 (accessed 30.05.2018).05.2018).





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